Charleston home added to National Register of Historic PlacesBy MICHAEL MORRIS,
A multi-family antebellum slave dwelling in Natchez, an African-American school and church, two residences, a farm and a bus station have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
On the recommendation of the Mississippi National Register Review Board, the United States Department of the Interior approved the addition of Concord Quarters, Adams County; Carver Central High School, Covington County; Jefferson Chapel A.M.E. Church and Cemetery, Jefferson County; Shaw Homestead, Pearl River County; Georgianna, Sharkey County; Dr. Tandy and Sarah Harrison House, Tallahatchie County; and Tri-State Motor Coach Station, Warren County. A boundary increase of Spengler’s Corner Historic District in Hinds County was also approved.
Built circa 1819 in Natchez, Concord Quarters is one of the oldest extant residences of enslaved persons in the region. The two-story, six-room structure is on the site of what was once Concord, the mansion of Spanish Louisiana governor Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos. The Concord Quarters survived when the mansion burned in 1902. An addition was made to the building’s western elevation in 1962.
Located in Collins, Carver Central High School features seven buildings constructed under the state’s Equalization program between 1954 and 1960. The school was the only public high school for African American students in Covington County until 1970. Jackson architect E.L. Malvaney designed at least four of the school’s brick-veneered, concrete block buildings.
Jefferson Chapel A.M.E Church was organized in the Church Hill community in 1880. After the original building burned, congregants erected the current wood-frame structure between 1908 and 1912. The exterior of the church was bricked in 1975 as a modernization effort. The original bell remains in the church’s white wood-encased steeple.
The Shaw Homestead consists of a house, a detached kitchen, a smoke and jar house, a corn crib, a grist mill and tractor shed, and a livestock dip tank. The two-pen, one-story dogtrot house was built circa 1890 near Poplarville. Melvina Shaw, the last resident of the log house, evacuated the homestead in advance of the landfall of Hurricane Camille in 1969. The Land Trust for the Mississippi Coastal Plain acquired the property in 2005 to preserve and restore the buildings.
Built by George and Anna Hunt circa 1850, Georgianna is a two-and-one-half story raised planter’s cottage in Sharkey County. The Hunt family owned slaves and used their labor to cultivate cotton on the land. After the Civil War, some who were formerly enslaved on the plantation returned and became tenant farmers. In 1912, the Hunt family sold Georgianna, which is one of the few plantation houses of its type in the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta.
The Dr. Tandy and Sarah Harrison House is the last remaining Queen Anne style home in Charleston. The one-and-a-half story wood frame structure was constructed in 1912 by C.M. Carl. Harrison, who served as the Tallahatchie County health officer at a time when access to health care was scarce, created a space in the house for his medical clinic. The Harrison House is presently owned by Nick and Marilyn Capuano.
The Tri-State Motor Coach Station is a one-story stucco bus station located in downtown Vicksburg. The building, designed in the Moderne style, was built in 1941 by the Tri-State Transit Company of Louisiana. The bus depot operated until 2004.
Spengler’s Corner Historic District in downtown Jackson was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. The boundary increase adds twenty-one buildings to the district, including the Old State Capitol, the War Memorial Building, and the Charlotte Capers Building. The renovation of the Old Capitol in 1916 and 1917, an early act of historic preservation in the state, further justifies the boundary increase.
The National Register of Historic Places was established by Congress in 1966 to help identify and protect historically significant properties. National Register properties enrich our understanding of local, state, and national history by representing significant events and developments, the contributions of notable people, and important types of buildings and architectural styles. National Register listing can also help preserve these important properties through tax benefits, grant assistance, and protection from demolition or development.
National Register listing does not restrict a private owner's use of the property, unless development of the property involves federal funding, federal rehabilitation tax credits, or participation in some other federal program. There are no requirements for public accessibility, and information about sensitive sites can be restricted from the public.
The Department of Archives and History is the official State Historic Preservation Office in Mississippi and handles all requests for National Register information and assistance. Mississippi has more than 1,400 National Register properties, including archaeological sites, battlefields, bridges, buildings, cemeteries, forts, houses, and historic districts. For more information call 601-576-6940 or visit www.mdah.ms.gov.
Michael Morris is the public information officer for the Mississippi Department of Archives and History in Jackson.
IN THE PHOTO: The Dr. Tandy and Sarah Harrison House off Court Square in Charleston is pictured Friday, Feb. 22, 2019, the day that the home's addition to the National Register of Historic Places was officially announced. (Sun-Sentinel photo by Clay McFerrin)